Introduction of HTML

Introduction to HTML and its Concepts
Introduction to HTML and its Concepts

The full name of HTML is Hyper Text Markup Language.

HTML was invented by Tim Berners Lee for the Internet.

HTML is the easiest and most popular language of web programs, usually simple text is included in the web page created in it.

We take the help of Hyper Text Markup Language to create web pages.

Hypertext markup language has the ability to convert normal text into hypertext.

The full form of Hyper Text Markup Language is as follows: –


The word Hyper refers to Hyperlink, that is, there is no set sequence of viewing documents on the Internet, when you are working on the Internet and you want to see any document as per your requirement, then you can directly reach there immediately.


It tells that only text can be written in the files we work on.


The word markup means that to create a web page, we first type the text, then mark that text, in other words, while doing HTML Coding, we have to tell which text is to be bold and where to place an image.


It means that we are using a language with its form to do our work.

For coding HTML, editors are used, which are known as HTML editors, such as Notepad, Word pad, MS Word, VS Code, after working, this file is saved with .htm or .html extension so that it becomes a Saved as a web page, now this file is viewed in a web browser like Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome etc. This is the web page.

HTML does not have its own editor to write programs, so generally these programs are built in Notepad of Windows and browser programs such as Google chrome are also used to execute them.

HTML (Concept Of Hypertext)

Hypertext is basically the same as ordinary text. It can be read, stored, like ordinary text, apart from this new text can also be added to it. The specialty of hypertext is that it links with other documents in the text.
In a hypertext system, if we mark the hypertext with the mouse, then we get a second document ( The History of Hyper Text).
Similarly, the hypertext in this document can be linked or related to any other document. These hypertext links are called Hyperlinks.

In this way we can create complex to complex web links with the help of hypertext. The entire working of the web depends on hypertext. A word related to hypertext is hyper media, hypertext also connects to various pictures, movies, sounds. In other words we can say that hyper media connects hypertext to multi media.

Basic Tags of HTML and their Syntax

The basic syntax of HTML is as follows.


Every webpage starts with <html> tag and ends with </html>.

Head TagWhatever happens inside the head tags is not displayed anywhere on the webpage. Title tags can be style tags, script tags, link tags, meta tags, etc. inside the head tag.

Title Tag Whatever we write inside the title tag, it appears next to the favicon in the browser tab as the title of that page.

Style TagWithin the style tags we can define the internal styling of that page.

Link TagThrough the link tag, we can include any external stylesheet in the page.

Script Tag Through script tags, we can include any external JavaScript in that page or we can write a new JavaScript for that page.

Body TagWhatever we want to display on that page, we write it inside the body tag.

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