Introduction to HTML 5

Introduction to HTML5 2021
Introduction to HTML5

The full name of HTML is Hyper Text Markup Language. It is used to design web pages using markup language.
HTML is a combination of hypertext and markup language. Hypertext defines the link between web pages.
Markup languages ​​are used to define text documents within tags that define the structure of web pages.
HTML 5 is the fifth and current version of HTML.
It has improved the markup available for documents and introduced Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) and Document Object Model (DOM).

In simple words:-


  • HTML is a Hyper Text Markup Language.
  • HTML is the standard markup language for creating web pages.
  • HTML describes the structure of a web page.
  • HTML consists of a series of elements.
  • HTML elements tell the browser how to display the content.


Features of HTML 5

  • New multimedia features have been introduced in HTML 5 which supports audio and video control. For this
  • New graphics elements have been added, including vector graphics and tags.
  • < header> < footer>, < article>, < section> and < figure> etc. are included.
  • Drag and Drop – Users can grab an object and drag it further to a new location.
  • Geo-location services – It helps in locating the geographical location of the client.
  • Web storage facility that provides a web application method for storing data on a web browser.
  • It uses SQL database to store the data offline.
  • It allows to draw different shapes like triangle, rectangle, circle etc.
  • It is capable of handling incorrect syntax.
  • In this easy DOCTYPE declaration i.e. <! Doctype html>
  • Simple character encoding i.e. << meta charset=“UTF-8 e>

HTML History

1989Tim Berners-Lee invented www
1991Tim Berners-Lee invented HTML
1993Dave Raggett drafted HTML+
1995HTML Working Group defined HTML 2.0
1997W3C Recommendation: HTML 3.2
1999W3C Recommendation: HTML 4.01
2000W3C Recommendation: XHTML 1.0
2008WHATWG HTML5 First Public Draft
2012WHATWG HTML5 Living Standard
2014W3C Recommendation: HTML5
2016W3C Candidate Recommendation: HTML 5.1
2017W3C Recommendation: HTML5.1 2nd Edition
2017W3C Recommendation: HTML5.2

Advantages of HTML 5


  • It supports in all browsers.
  • It is more device friendly.
  • It is easy to use.
  • HTML 5 along with CSS, JavaScript etc can help in building nice and beautiful websites.


Disadvantages of HTML 5

  • It involves writing long code which takes more time.
  • Only the latest browsers support it.

Why use HTML?

HTML helps in designing our website well. HTML serves as a skeleton for a website in the same way that a skeletal system gives a structure to the human body, without it a website cannot be built.

Learning HTML is essential if you want to work as a software developer especially in the web development domain, because without its knowledge you cannot create a website.

Base for creating websites: HTML is a basic requirement that a developer should know while building a website from scratch.

Learn web development: HTML is the first step towards learning web development. Once you learn HTML, you can create simple, static websites very easily.

Can become freelancer: Since freelancing has the best scope of web development, learning HTML will definitely give you the best website deals in market development.

Basic Format of HTML 5: This is the basic format for creating a simple web page.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<title>title content</title>
…..body content….

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